The origin and development of the Polish culture is closely related to the history of the country of Poland. The art of music flourished remarkably during the times of its prosperity and independence, but also declined during the times of depression and partition. The foundation stone of the Polish music was put down by the rites and rituals of the Roman Catholic Church.
Many anthems and songs were founded which had anonymous authors during the medieval era. The Cracow University gave a boost to the national culture and art in the early 1364. Nicolas of Random, one of the earliest known Polish composers made his appearance in the 14th century and composed homophonic anthems and hymns. This he created in the Florentine style which used to be the fashion at that time.
Around the16th century, Poland had its taste of the Renaissance Movement. King Zygmunt Jagiellon, who founded Cracow the Rorantists Capella played the most vital role in the development and growth of Polish Music. This period was golden and produced countless composers of very good merit, and Szamotulski and Gomolka are very famous names among these.